Tips & Tricks


In the winter, take advantage of the sun’s warming effect and deflect winds with dense windbreaks.

Snow-covered forest during sunset


In the summer, shade the south and west sides of your home from the hot sun.

Field during summer with setting sun and birds in the sky

Coniferous Trees

Coniferous trees and shrubs have leaves year-round which provides continuous shade. Plant coniferous trees and shrubs to the north and northwest of your home to stop wind.

Closeup of coniferous tree branches


Plant low shrubs on the windward side of the windbreak to trap snow before it blows next to your home.

Row of shrubs creating a windbreak


Make the distance between your home and the windbreak about 2 to 5 times the height of the mature tree for maximum protection.

Home with row of shrubs planted in front to create a windbreak


Build a fence or wall, in addition to planting coniferous trees, to deflect the wind over your home.

Large wooden fence surrounding a home

Deciduous Trees

Deciduous trees block solar heat in the summer and lose their leaves in the fall, which lets sunlight in during the winter. Plant a 6- to 8-foot deciduous tree near your home, and it will start shading your windows in the first year. If you plant deciduous trees to the south of your home, they can screen 70 to 90% of the heat.

Trees with Crowns

Plant trees with crowns lower to the ground on the west side of you want to shade form lower, afternoon sun angles.

Fenced-in backyard with small trees and a light cover of snow

Patio Area

Plant bushes, shrubs or climbing vines with a trellis to shade your patio area.

Vine with red flowers on roof structure above the garden in Mediterranean stile

Air Cooling

To cool the air before it reaches your home, plant shrubs and groundcover plants.

White house with stone path leading to an entrance lined with shrubs and groundcover plants